- Silver is similar in its physical and chemical properties to its two vertical neighbors in group 11 of the periodic table: copper, and gold.
- Malleability: Silver is a relatively soft and an extremely ductile and very malleable metal, which means it can be easily shaped and formed into various objects. This property makes it ideal for making intricate and delicate patterns for both jewelry and decorative items.
- Durability: Silver is highly resistant to corrosion and tarnishing, which makes it an ideal material for jewelry and other decorative items.
- Conductivity: Silver is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity, which makes it useful in a wide range of industrial applications, including electronics, mirrors, and batteries.
The thermal conductivity of silver is among the highest of all materials, although the thermal conductivity of carbon and superfluid helium are higher.
The electrical conductivity of silver is the highest of all metals, greater even than copper. Silver also has the lowest contact resistance of any metal.
- Color: Silver has a brilliant, white, metallic luster that can take a high polish, and which is so characteristic that the name of the metal itself has become a color name.
Reflectivity: Protected silver has greater optical reflectivity than aluminum at all wavelengths longer than ~450 nm.
Beauty: Silver is prized for its natural beauty, which is enhanced by its luster and shine.
Antibacterial: Its antiseptic properties are based on the ability of the biologically active silver ion to irreversibly damage key enzyme systems in the cell membranes of pathogens.
Metal Silver (Argentum)
Description Soft and extremely ductile and malleable transition metal
Dencity (solid) 10.49 g/cm ³
Dencity (liquid) 9.320 g/cm ³
Melting point 1,234.93 K / 961.78° C
Boiling Point 2,435 K / 2,162° C
Tensile strength –
Young’s modulus 83 Gpa
Vickers Hardness 251 Mpa
Brinell Hardness 206-250 Mpa
CAS Number 7440-22-4
Crystal Structure FCC – face centered cubic